Last Watched

"Xenakis"  Sort by

Free for All

   2013    Art
Part 2 examines how the freewheeling modernism that had shocked audiences in the first two decades of the century came under state control. Initially, many practitioners thought the totalitarian regimes would be good for music and the arts. What followed in Germany was a ban on music written by Jews, African-Americans and communists, while in the Soviet Union there was a prohibition on music the workers were unable to hum. After the cataclysm of the 1940s, a new generation of composers - Boulez, Stockhausen, Xenakis, Nono, Ligeti - turned their back on what they saw as the discredited music of the past and tried to reinvent it from scratch. Or, at least, from serialism, which became as much of a straitjacket as totalitarianism's strictures had been. But from this period of avant-garde experimentation, which many listeners found baffling and terrifying, came some of the most influential and radical musical innovations of the century.
Series: The Sound and the Fury
100 Foot Wave

100 Foot Wave

2021  Culture
Leaving Neverland

Leaving Neverland

2019  Culture
Reel Rock

Reel Rock

2014  Culture
The Mind Explained

The Mind Explained

2019  Medicine
Frozen Planet II

Frozen Planet II

2022  Nature
The Crusades

The Crusades

2012  History
The Jinx

The Jinx

  History
The Story of Us

The Story of Us

2018  Culture